Gambling appeared at the dawn of mankind, in the Paleolithic era, they certainly differed significantly from their modern versions in the form of roulettes, bingo, cards, slot machines, but the mechanism of operation was in many ways similar. In those days, people did not even speak writing, but the most primitive gambling games were already invented.
In the 10th century AD, modern dominoes and loto appeared in China. The first gambling also appeared in Japan in the 14th century AD, there is an opinion that even before that there was betting, but there is no evidence of this.
The emergence of poker
The term “poker-face” was first mentioned in English-language documents in 1874, it means that it is impossible to understand from a person’s face what emotions he is experiencing
According to some historians, the modern word “poker” originated from the German Pochspiel, this is also a card game that is somewhat reminiscent of poker.
Other historians believe that the name of the game comes from the French word Poque – this is also a card game that has a lot in common with poker.
The emergence of bingo
Many historians believe that the Italian game Lo Giuoco del Lotto D’Italia, which first appeared in 1530, became the prototype of modern bingo. Many Italians still prefer to play it, rather than regular bingo.
From Italy the game came to France, or rather it was specially brought there, it was in the 1770s. In a new location, the game has a new name – Le Lotto. However, only rather wealthy citizens could afford to entertain themselves with a novelty.
There was a similar game in Germany in the 1800s, only it was aimed at helping parents and teachers to teach children history, writing and mathematics.
In the United States, this game was called beano, the essence was as follows: the presenter took out discs with numbers from a cigar box, and the players marked the numbers that came across with beans, the one who filled in everything and shouted the name of the game.
The emergence of roulette
The roulette wheel consists of two parts: an old Italian game and a regular gambling wheel created in 1720. The inhabitants of Paris started playing modern roulette in 1796.
In his novel La Roulette, the French writer Jacques Lablay described a roulette wheel that stood in the Palais Royal at the end of the 18th century.
The rise of blackjack
Game “21” became the parent of blackjack. There is no exact story for this game, but it was mentioned in the novel “Don Quixote”: during one of the main character’s travels, he came across scammers associated with this game. The novel describes that it was necessary to score 21 points, but not exceeding this number, while an ace could give both 1 point and as many as 11.
This part of the novel was written at the very beginning of the 17th century. “21” has turned into blackjack due to the fact that in the US they began to give a bonus if a player lands a jack of spades or clubs.
The emergence of the dice game
This game originally appeared during the Crusades, it received its new name in the United States. She was brought there by a young player who belonged to a well-to-do family. He simplified the game a little and gave it the name “dice”.
The dice were especially popular during the Second World War, they were played by soldiers, right on the street.
The emergence of slot machines
Slots were developed about a century ago. At first they had 5 reels and 50 cards. Slots were created based on poker. Such an invention became popular, it appeared in almost every bar, but there was one drawback: it did not give out rewards, instead of it the player could be poured to drink a good drink at the bar.
Charles Fay improved the device, or rather he simplified it to 3 reels and 15 cards, there was already a payout mechanism. Later the slot was named “Liberty Bell”.